Geology of Nyiragongo:
Since 1882, the volcano has erupted at least 34 times, including times when the eruptions were continuous for almost a year. This volcano also erupts with other older volcanoes; Shaheru and Baratu; these are also surrounded by many other undersized volcanic residue cones from the frank eruptions. Lava erupted is usually of fluid state and it’s made of melilite Nephelinite. This lava flow, however, poses no harm to the life of humans due to low silica content inside it. The lava lake on the volcanic mountain is about 60 feet high and is in a wide steep-sided cinder cone which was created on the crater base.
About Nyiragongo Eruptions:
There have been about 34 eruptions that have taken place around the Nyiragongo volcanic mountains and these include; the 1977 eruption, this happened when the crater walls of the volcano fractured which led to the draining of the lava lake within an hour. This led to the flooding of the lava down on the edges of the volcano and on the higher slopes which resulted in killing over seventy (70) people in the nearby villages. This 1977 eruption that took place tried to raise awareness about the dangers of this volcano and it also created a fresh small volcano called Murara which is a few kilometers away from Nyamuragira.
The second eruption took place in 2002, this happened after several processes of Fumarolic and seismic activities which happened on this volcano. There was a fissure that was released in the southern flank and was about 13km spreading from about 2800m to 1550m of elevation hence reaching the town of Goma which is the capital along the northern shores of Lake Kivu. The lava greatly streamed towards the city of Goma, however over 400000 people had been vacated from the city to the border of Rwanda in Gisenyi town. Lava runs and covered Goma airport raising the threat that it might release larger amounts of Carbon-dioxide as well as Methane. This 2002 eruption killed over 147 people and the city of Goma collapsed due to the fact that the building was falling apart leaving over 120000 people without homes. Many more buildings in the city of Goma continued to fall due to the massive earthquake that continued to happen for close to 3 months following the eruptions.
The ongoing threats of mountain Nyiragongo include the Carbon dioxide that killed many children up to recent times. Also in places where gas was released from underground and dispersed in the wind had many deadly effects on the lives of the people. Just recently on the 8th of March 2016, the Goma observatory discovered yet another vent which opened at the Northeastern side of the crater; there is a possibility of this bringing yet another eruption in Goma town.
Source: Official, nyiragongo.org
DAY 1: ARRIVAL
You will be greeted upon arrival at Kigali Airport and driven to the Rwanda – DRC border at Grande Barriére (La Corniche). You’ll be assisted to clear Customs and cross the border, entering the Democratic Republic of Congo. Proceed on to the city of Goma or Virunga National Park for your overnight at the hotel or lodge.
DAY 2: MOUNT NYIRAGONGO HIKE
After an early breakfast comes the unforgettable adventure: hiking the active volcano called Nyiragongo. Your trek will take you through lush forests and barren lava fields, followed by a steep. During your stay in Congo, you will spend the night at the Nyiragongo Crater Cabanas, on the very rim of the volcano. Stunning views of Congo in both the daylight and the dark will make this an unbelievably rewarding experience. Take another look at the rim of the crater, high above the sweltering lava lake, as you settle down for the night at the Crater Bandas.
CRATER BANDAS – Ready-made food and water are included in the rates below.
Things to bring on the Nyiragongo hike – sleeping bag, dry change of clothes, rain gear, good walking shoes, warm clothes (sweater, jacket) to wear on the rim, where it’s cold, sun cream, warm hat, torch, camera, and personal toiletries.
DAY 3: MOUNT NYIRAGONGO DESCENT AND DEPARTURE
After breakfast, descend by 0700 hours, arriving back at the start of the trail before lunch. Continue back to the city of Goma for lunch. Thereafter, you will be transferred back to Rwanda, and then to Kigali Airport for departure.
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